1.2. Concession licences

Legislation regulating procedures for the issuing of forest concession licences, including use of legal methods to obtain concession licence. Especially bribery, corruption and nepotism are well-known issues in connection with concession licences. The intent of this indicator is to avoid risk related to situations where organisations are obtaining concession licences via illegal means such as bribery, or where organisations or entities that are not eligible to hold such rights do so via illegal means. Risk in this indicator relates to situations where due process has not been followed and the concession rights can therefore be considered to be illegally issued. The level of corruption in the country or sub-national region is considered to play an important role and corruption indicators (e.g., Corruption Perception Index, CPI) should therefore be considered when evaluating risks.